Arthur H. Evans, son of Rev. Hugh Evans, was a British ornithologist. He received his schooling in Durham and developed an interest in ornithology at an early age. He graduated as Master of Arts (MA), at Clare College, University of Cambridge, in 1879 and became a lecturer in English history and economics at Cambridge. From 1901 to 1912 he was joint editor of the journal The Ibis with Philip L. Sclater*. His book Birds, first published in 1899, appeared in various later editions to 1935. He also wrote A vertebrate fauna of the Shetland Islands (1899, with T.E. Burkley), Handbook to the natural history of Cambridgeshire (1904), A fauna of the Tweed area (1911), and The birds of Britain (1916). His early papers (up to 1900) dealt mainly with the birds of Scotland while later in his career (1900-1930) he published also on other topics in natural history. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1924.
Evans became a member of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1889 and by 1905 was a life member. In that year he attended the joint meeting of the British and South African Associations for the Advancement of Science, held in South Africa during August and September. On 17 August he delivered a paper on "The ostrich and its allies" at the meeting in Cape Town, dealing with the anatomy and taxonomy of flightless birds, both living and fossil. After his return to England he published "Bird notes from South Africa" in The Ibis (April 1906, pp. 347-361), an account of the birds he had noticed while travelling with the British party from Cape Town to the Zambesi, and the nature of the regions visited. In 1914 he attended the meetings of the British Association in Australia.
Evans retired in 1928 and settled in Crowthorne, Buckinghamshire, where he died.