S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science

Andree, Mr Richard (archaeology)

Born: 26 February 1835, Braunschweig, Germany.
Died: 22 February 1912, München, Germany.

Richard Andree (sometimes spelled Andre, or Andrée), German geographer and ethnographer, studied in the natural sciences, particularly geology, at the University of Leipzig. From 1859 to 1863 worked as a foundryman in Bohemia (now part of the Czech Republic). His first paper, "Die versteinerungen der Steinkohlenformation von Stradonitz in Böhmen", was published in the Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie in 1864. Later he settled in Leipzig, where in 1873 he became co-founder of Velhagen & Klasing, a publishing house which produced geographical and ethnological books and atlasses. He managed the business from its foundation to 1890, and was the editor of several of its publications. His own books included the following: Handels- und Verhehrsgeographie (Stuttgart, 1871); Etnographische parallelen und vergleiche (Stuttgart, 1878); Allgemeine handatlas... (Leipzig, 1881, with numerous later editions to 1930); Die Metalle bei der Naturvölkern, mit Berücksichtigung prähistorischer Verhältnisse (Leipzig, 1884); and some popular travel books.

In 1882 Andree published a paper on the archaeology of Africa, "Die Steinzeit Afrikas", in the journal Globus (Vol. 41, pp. 185-190). In this paper he provided an excellent review of contemporary knowledge of the prehistory of Africa as a whole, based on previously published work. One entire section was devoted to South Africa. He appears to have visited Natal at some earlier time, as he mentions finding stone age sites and bored stones from the coast to the Drakensberg and in Victoria County (the coastal region north of Durban).

In 1890 Andree moved to Heidelberg, Germany. There he edited the journal Globus, which his firm published from 1891 to 1903. The next year (1904) he moved to MĂĽnchen, where he spent his remaining years.

List of sources:
Debus, A.G. (Ed.) World who's who in science. Chicago: Marquis, 1968.

Gesamtverzeichnis des deutschsprachigen Schrifttums, 1700-1910. München: K.G. Saur, 1979-1987.

Goodwin, A.J.H. A commentary upon South African prehistory up to the introduction of the new terminology. Bantu Studies, 1935, Vol. 9, pp. 291-333; bibliography pp. 387-413.

Maguire, R. A history of Middle and Late Stone Age research in the KwaZulu-Natal coastal area from 1871 to the beginning of the Second World War. Research by the National Cultural History Museum, 1997, Vol. 6, pp. 43-58.

National Union Catalogue, pre-1956 imprints. London: Mansell, 1968-1980.

Neue Deutsche biographie. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1953-1997.

Royal Society of London. Catalogue of scientific papers [1800-1900]. London: Royal Society, 1867-1925.

Compiled by: C. Plug