List of sources:
Cape of Good Hope. Report of the Principal of the Agricultural School at Elsenburg, 1899.
Cape of Good Hope. Report of the Colonial Veterinary Surgeon, 1897, 1898, 1899.
Curson, H.H. The veterinary profession in South Africa... Journal of the South African Veterinary Medical Association, 1931, Vol. 2(2), pp. 95-101.
Henning, M.W. Animal diseases in South Africa (Vol. 2, p. 753). Central News Agency (SA), 1932.
Men of the times: Old colonists of the Cape Colony and Orange River Colony. Johannesburg: Transvaal Publishing Co., 1906.
Posthumus, P.J. An index of veterinarians in South Africa (4th ed., 2 vols). Pietermaritzburg: P.J. Posthumus, 1982.
Register of veterinarians of the Union of South Africa... Journal of the South African Veterinary Medical Association, 1929, Vol. 1(3), pp. 77-83.
South African Philosophical Society. Transactions, 1897-1900, Vol. 9-11, lists of members.
South African who's who, 1908.