S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science

Kellogg, Professor Vernon Lyman (entomology)

Born: 1 December 1867, Emporia, Kansas, United States of America.
Died: 8 August 1937, Hartford, Connecticut, United States of America.

Vernon Lyman Kellogg, American zoologist, studied at the University of Kansas which awarded him the degrees Bachelor of Arts (AB, 1889) and Master of Science (MS, 1892). He also took special courses in entomology and biology at Cornell University (1891-1893), the University of Leipzig (1893, 1897), and in Paris (1904, 1908). In 1890 he became assistant professor of entomology at the University of Kansas and was promoted to associate professor in 1893. The next year he became assistant professor of entomology at Stanford University, was promoted to associate professor in 1895, and to full professor in 1896. In 1906 he was appointed in addition as professor of bionomics at Stanford, holding both chairs to 1920. During World War I (1914-1918) he was the director of the American Committee for Relief in Belgium, stationed in Brussels (1915-1916), then assistant to the United States Food Administration (1917-1919), and from 1918 to 1921 with the American Relief Administration. He was decorated by the governments of both France and Belgium. From 1919 to 1931 he was the permanent secretary of the National Research Council in Washington, but then had to resign owing to poor health. He was awarded honorary doctoral degrees by the University of California (1918) and Oberlin College (1922).

Kellogg has been described as a wise, generous and kindly man with a brilliant and versatile mind. He was a very popular teacher, with a special interest in the evolutionary history of birds, and was an authority on the Order Mallophaga (bird lice). His only direct contribution to southern African science was a paper by him and G.F. Ferris on “Anoplura and Mallophaga from Zululand”, published in the Annals of the Durban Museum (1914-1917, Vol. 1, pp. 147-158). [The Anopleura are an order of blood-sucking lice found on mammals]. Altogether he published over 200 books and pamphlets on a wide variety of subjects, including American insects (1905 and later editions), Darwinism today (1907), The Anopleura and Mallophaga of North American mammals (with G.F. Ferris, 1915), and introductory textbooks of zoology, insect anatomy, and evolution.

List of sources:

Annals of the Durban Museum, 1914-1917, Vol. 1, paper by Kellogg.

National cyclopaedia of American biography. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, 1967.

National Union Catalogue, pre-1956 imprints. London: Mansell, 1968-1980.

World who's who in science. Chicago: Marquis, 1968.

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