S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science




Guest, Mr Herbert Melville (meteorological observation)

Born: 29 January 1853, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England.
Died: 29 June 1938, Grahamstown, South Africa.
Mr Herbert Melville Guest

Herbert M. Guest was a son of Herbert Guest and his wife Mary, and an older brother of Reginald Stewart Guest*. He came to the Cape Colony with his parents in 1861 and they settled in Grahamstown. His father worked for the Frontier Times and at the age of 13 young Guest was apprenticed to the Grahamstown Journal. In 1870 he moved to the diamond fields around Kimberley and joined the staff of the region's first newspaper, the Diamond News, founded by the owners of the Grahamstown Journal and published at Pniel from 16 October that year. The next year, following the discovery of diamonds at Colesberg Kopje, he began prospecting with mixed success. After a few years he returned to Grahamstown to join his father in a printing, bookselling and stationer's business. On 19 April 1877 he married Lucy Charlotte Lucas, with whom he had several sons and a daughter. He remained in Grahamstown until 1889, when he moved to Klerksdorp in the South African Republic (Transvaal).

At Klerksdorp Guest acquired the newspaper The Representative and changed its name in August 1889 to the Klerksdorp Mining Record (from August 1910 the Record of Klerksdorp and the Western Transvaal). Shortly after his arrival he was instrumental in founding the Klerksdorp Chamber of Mines, but it became defunct after a few years. He also founded the Klerksdorp Chamber of Commerce, with more success. He was a member of the first Hospital Board of Klerksdorp and through his newspaper and in other ways contributed much to the public institutions of the town. In 1899, a few weeks before the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) he suspended publication of his newspaper for about a year and left the Transvaal with his family, though his printing works continued to operate. He returned to Klerksdorp with one of his sons in February 1901. During the years following the war he played a leading role in many local public institutions such as the Chamber of Commerce, Transvaal Municipal Association, local Public Health Committee, and several local sporting clubs. He owned many claims in the neighbourhood of Klerksdorp and by 1911 was mayor of the town. He was an expert rifle shot and won numerous trophies.

During 1901-1902 Guest wrote and published several short works about the Anglo-Boer War, including Vicissitudes of a Transvaal dorp, Klerksdorp; With Lord Methuen from October 1899 to December 1901; With Lord Methuen: From Belmont to Hartebeestfontein; With Lord Methuen and the First Division; Incidents in the Western Transvaal, Klerksdorp; and Prisoners' experiences. Many years later he wrote and published Some reminiscences of sixty years ago (Klerksdorp, 1925), dealing with his life in Grahamstown, on the diamond fields, and at Klerksdorp.

Guest was one of three persons (the others were T.N. Leslie* and J.L. Souter*) who supplied meteorological observations to the newly created Meteorological Department (at the Transvaal Observatory) of the Transvaal Colony during the year ending on 30 June 1903. He was still one of the department's observers (of rainfall, atmospheric pressure, air temperature and humidity) at Klerksdorp in 1909.


List of sources:
Men of the times: Pioneers of the Transvaal and glimpses of South Africa. Johannesburg: The Transvaal Publishing Company, 1905.

National Automated Archival Information Retrieval System (NAAIRS). http://www.national.archives.gov.za/naairs.htm Documents relating to Guest, Herbert Melville / Guest, H.M.

National Archives Repository (TAB), Source MHG, Vol. 0, Ref. 2280/38: Death notice, Herbert Melville Guest.

South African bibliography to the year 1925. London: Mansell, 1979.

South African who's who, 1909.

Transvaal [Colony], Meteorological Department. Report, 1902/3, 1905, 1907.

Transvaal [Colony]. Transvaal Observatory: Annual Report of the Meteorological Department, 1908/9. Pretoria: Government Printer, 1910.


Compiled by: C. Plug


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