Francis Nicholson was a British hunter and naturalist. He and John Leyland* set out on a hunting trip into the Kalahari but travelled by separate routes from the Modder River to Lake Ngami, which they reached in 1851. Both collected birds along the way. Some of those collected by Nicholson were presented to the Earl of Derby for his museum at Knowsley, Lancashire, England. Nicholson's Pipit (Anthus similis nicholsoni) was named after him by R.B. Sharpe in 1884.