Peregrine O. Wilson, Fellow of the Geological Society of London, arrived in South Africa in April 1888 on the USS Spartan, in the company of C.J. Alford*. He was sent out by European investors to take charge of the mine "Roarty's Luck", adjoining the Sheba Reef near Barberton. In January the next year he reported on the mining done at Consort Reef, as part of the annual report by the chairman of the Consort Reef Gold Mining Company, in the Barberton Herald.
Wilson was a foundation member of the Barberton Scientific and Literary Society - the first scientific society in the Transvaal, established in June 1888. He participated actively in its proceedings and at the annual general meeting in July 1889 was elected vice-president.
In 1895 Wilson became a foundation member of the Geological Society of South Africa and served on its council from the beginning to 1897. At this time he was president of the Klerksdorp Chamber of Mines.