Hugh Wilbur Taylor, American agriculturalist, was the son of Joseph Henry Taylor and his wife Ella M. Roberts. He qualified as Bachelor of Agriculture (B Agr) and came to South Africa before or in 1912 to join the Department of Agriculture as a tobacco specialist. In 1912 and 1913 he contributed articles on the cultivation of tobacco to the Agricultural Journal of the Union of South Africa (Vol. 2 and 5 respectively). Other publications by him issued by the Department of Agriculture included 'The production of bright tobacco by the flue and air curing processes' (1913), 'Tobacco seed-beds' (1917), and Tobacco culture with special reference to South African conditions (1924, 176 pp.) He also contributed a comprehensive account of 'Cotton and cotton seed products' to the South African Journal of Industries (1918, Vol. 1, in 4 parts).
Taylor returned to the United States at some time before 1935 and was employed in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Around 1940 he joined the Tobacco Branch of the Production and Marketing Administration of the Department of Agriculture and from that time his publications dealt mainly with the marketing of tobacco products.
Taylor was married to Clara Ellis.