S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science

Simoens, Dr Joseph Auspicio (medicine)

Born: Date not known, Place not known.
Died: Date not known, Place not known.

Joseph A. Simoens qualified as a licenciate in both medicine and surgery at Bombay (now Mumbai), India; then as a licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (LRCP) of England in 1884, and finally as Doctor of Medicine at Bruxelles (Brussels), Belgium, in 1885. That same year he applied for registration as physician, surgeon and accoucheur (male midwife) in the Colony of Natal, and also requested employment there. However, he soon came to the South African Republic (Transvaal), where he was admitted to practice in 1886, and settled in Barberton. There he (identified as Dr S. Simoens by Laidler & Gelfand, 1971) became a member of the hospital committee and with Dr O.F.W. Somershield worked hard to establish the town's first hospital, which was opened in a house later that year. In 1890, while still at Barberton, he published Advice and instructions for the prevention and cure of fever, which is prevalent in the low districts of the Transvaal, in Delagoa Bay, and East Africa (Port Elizabeth, 1890, 24p). The text was in both English and Dutch.

By 1897 Simoens was practising in Komatipoort and at Delagoa Bay (now Maputo, Mozambique) and was a member of the South African Medical Association.

List of sources:
Laidler, P.W. & Gelfand, M. South Africa, its medical history, 1652-1898. Cape Town: Struik, 1971.

National Automated Archival Information Retrieval System (NAAIRS). . Documents relating to Simoens, Joseph Auspicio / Simoens, J.A.

South African bibliography to the year 1925. London: Mansell, 1979.

South African Medical Directory for 1897. Cape Town: Cape Times, 1897.

South African Medical Journal, Series 2, May 1897, Vol. 5, pp. 20-21 and January 1898, Vol. 5, pp. 240-242: South African Medical Association [list of members].

Staatsalmanak der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, 1896, 1898: Naamlijst van geadmitteerde genees-, heel- en verloskundigen...

Staats Courant der Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, 2 April 1890, p. 298: Gouvernements Kennisgeviong No. 90.

Compiled by: C. Plug