Edwin Burrell Muskett, medical practitioner and plant collector, qualified as Master of Surgery (MC) and Doctor of Medicine (MD) at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1865. The next year he came to the Cape Colony, where he was licensed to practice in October 1866. He was appointed district surgeon of Hopetown in 1867 and remained there until his death in 1892. In 1875 the University of the Cape of Good Hope admitted him to the MD degree on the basis of his degree from the University of Aberdeen. He appears to have published only one medical paper, "On the specific treatment of anthrax and anthracaemia, and of carbuncle" (The Lancet, 1888).
Following the discovery of diamonds in the Kimberley area, Muskett published an article on "Diamonds at the Cape" in the Journal of the Society of Arts (London, 1869). The next year he requested leave in order to search for diamonds. However, his main scientific activity outside medicine was plant collection. He corresponded with H. Bolus* and sent him plant specimens which are housed in the Bolus Herbarium, University of Cape Town.
Muskett was married to Ellen Rhoda, born Muskett, with whom he had a son and a daughter. After her death in 1873 he married Charlotte Eamonson Pakeman, with whom he had five daughters.