S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science

Moritz, Prof Dr Eduard (geography)

Born: 1864, Place not known.
Died: 1940, Place not known.

Eduard Moritz, was a German secondary school teacher in Berlin and apparently also a professor of geography. During 1909-1910 he carried out research on the physical geography of German South West Africa (now Namibia), including a cartographic survey of the Tiras Plateau in Great Namaqualand. He also collected plants, which went to the Botanischer Garten und Botanischer Museum in Berlin. His work was reported in the following papers: 'Die Tirashochflaeche' (The Tiras Plateau, Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 1910); 'Reisenstudien aus Suedwest-Afrika' (Travel studies from South West Africa, describing the climate and the movement of the sand dunes, Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft fuer Erdkunde zu Berlin, 1911); and 'Die geographischen und wirtschaftlichen Verhaeltnisse der Huibhochflaeche' (The geographic and economic relations of the Huib Plateau, Mitteilungen aus den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 1915). He also wrote a book on the school system in the territory (1914) and researched the accounts written by early travellers there, reporting his findings in 'Die aeltesten Reiseberichte ueber Deutsch-Suedwestafrika' (Ibid, 1915, 1916, 1918). Towards the end of his life he wrote two important historical books: Die Deutschen am Kap unter den Hollaendischen Herrschaft, 1653-1806 (The Germans at the Cape under the Dutch rule, 1938) and Die deutschen Einwanderung in die niederlaendische Kap-kolonie (The German immigration in the Dutch Cape Colony, 1943).

One of Moritz's more important works dealing with territories other than German South West Africa was Die entwickelung des kartenbildes der Nord- und Ostseelaender bis auf Mercator (The development of maps of the North Sea and Baltic Sea countries since Mercator, 1908).

List of sources:

Gunn, M. and Codd, L.E. Botanical exploration of southern Africa. Cape Town: Balkema, 1981.

Hugo, P.J., Schalk, K.E.L. and Barnes, S-J. Bibliography of South West African / Namibian earth science. Windhoek: Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 1983.

National Union Catalogue, pre-1956 imprints. London: Mansell, 1968-1980.

Compiled by: C. Plug