S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science

Bartling, Prof Friedrich Georg [Gottlieb] (botany)

Born: 9 December 1798, Hannover, Germany.
Died: 19 November 1875, Göttingen, Germany.

Friedrich G. Bartling, botanist, studied at the University of Göttingen, completing a dissertation in geographic botany in 1820. During the next decade he undertook journeys to Hungary and Croatia. In 1831 he was appointed professor of botany at Göttingen, and in 1837 also became director of the botanic gardens there. In 1824-1825 he published, with H.L. Wendland, a comprehensive Beiträge zur Botanik. The first part dealt with the South African Rutaceae, while the second part was written by Wendland. Another major botanical work by Bartling was his Ordines naturales plantarum ... of 1830. His contributions to systematic botany included setting up and elucidating the classification of several new families of plants. He also contributed to the development of the classification of the cryptogams by proposing their division into phanogams, cormophytes, and thallophytes.

In 1832, again with Wendland as co-author, Bartling described a number of families of plants that had been collected in South Africa by C.F. Ecklon*. And in 1843 the two of them described some new species of the genus Diosma (boegoe) from the Cape. Bartling visited southern Africa at some time, for he collected plants in Namibia which are now in the Botanisches Museum in Berlin.

List of sources:
Bullock, A.A. Bibliography of South African botany (up to 1951). Pretoria: Department of Agricultural Technical Services, 1978.

Debus, A.G. (Ed.) World who's who in science. Chicago: Marquis, 1968.

Gunn, M. & Codd, L.E. Botanical exploration of southern Africa. Cape Town: Balkema, 1981.

Hutchinson, J. A botanist in southern Africa. London: Gawthorn, 1946.

National Union Catalogue, pre-1956 imprints. London: Mansell, 1968-1980.

Neue Deutsche Biographie. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1953-.

Compiled by: C. Plug