S2A3 Biographical Database of Southern African Science




Crick, Mr George Charles (palaeontology)

Born: 9 October 1856, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.
Died: 18 October 1917, Wimbledon, Surrey, United Kingdom.

George C. Crick, British geologist and palaeontologist, studied at the Royal School of Mines in London. From 1881 to 1886 he was an assistant secretary to Sir Warrington Smyth, chairman of Her Majesty's Commission to Enquire into Accidents in Mines. Also during 1881 he joined the Geology Department of the Natural History Museum in a voluntary capacity. At the museum he expertly catalogued the fossil Cephalopoda (1898) and became an expert on this group. Among others he published descriptions of Jurassic Cephalopoda from Western Australia (1894), Belemnites from Somalia (1894), the muscular attachment of fossil cephalopods to their shells (1896-1900), various invertebrate fossils from Bavaria (1896, 1897, 1899), new species of Nautilus from the Oolite in the British Museum (1899), Goniatites from the Carboniferous limestone of Ireland (1899), the fossils collected in the Chilian Andes by E.A. Fitz Gerald's expedition (1899), some fossil Cephalopoda from Cornwall (1904), Jurassic Mollusca from Arabia (1908), and many more. Altogether he produced some 67 papers and described three new genera and 74 new species. A collection of his papers entitled Fossil Cephalopoda was published in London between 1896 and 1904. He was appointed a first assistant of the Museum in 1904 and was elected a Fellow of the Geological Society of London (1881), the Zoological Society of London (1896) and the Royal Geographical Society (1916).

In 1906 Crick published in the Geological Magazine a correction to the identification of an ammonite from the Umtamvuna (now Mzamba) beds on the Transkei coast, which had been described in The Geology of South Africa (1905) by F.H. Hatch* and G.S. Corstorphine*. Around this time he was sent the cephalopod fossils collected by William Anderson* from a fossil rich Cretaceous deposit near Lake St. Lucia, Zululand, as part of the latter's geological survey of KwaZulu-Natal during 1899-1905. Other fossils from the same deposit were described by R. Etheridge*. Crick described two collections of cephalopods in the Third and final report of the Geological Survey of Natal and Zululand (1907, pp. 163-234; 235-249). The first collection came from near the mouth of the Mzinene River in False Bay, the western lobe of Lake St. Lucia. The second collection came from the tributaries of "Manuan Creek" (the Munywana River, a tributary of the lower Mzinene). He recognized species of Upper Albian, Cenomanian, and Senonian ages. He added a note on a Cretaceous ammonite from the mouth of the Mpenyati River, some 15 km north of Port Edward on the Natal south coast. In the same year he published an account of "The cretaceous rocks of Natal and Zululand and their Cephalopod fauna" in the Geological Magazine (pp. 339-447).


List of sources:

George Charles Crick. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Charles_Crick as on 2016-5-10.

Google scholar. http://scholar.google.co.za Publications by G.C. Crick.

Hall, A.L. Bibliography of South African geology to the end of 1920. Pretoria: Geological Survey, Memoir No. 18, 1922.

National Union Catalogue, pre-1956 imprints. London: Mansell, 1968-1980.

Royal Society of London. Catalogue of scientific papers [1800-1900]. London: Royal Society, 1867-1925.

South African Committee for Stratigraphy (SACS). Stratigraphy of South Africa. Part 1: Lithostratigraphy... (Comp. L.E. Kent; p. 577). Pretoria: Geological Survey, Handbook 8, 1980.


Compiled by: C. Plug


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