Arnold Wienholt Hodson, British soldier, hunter, diplomat and author, was in Queensland, Australia, from 1900, joined the Queensland contingent and came to South Africa in 1902 to participate in the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902). After the war, in 1903, he joined the Public Works Department of the Transvaal Colony as sub-inspector of roads at Pietersburg (now Polokwane). He remained in the Transvaal to 1904, and spent the next eight years in the police force of the Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana). His duties took him into remote parts of the territory. In 1909 he presented a giraffe from Lake Ngami to the South African Museum, as well as various other mammals from the Kalahari, including several with atypical colouring. His experiences during these years were written up in the form of a book, Trekking the Great Thirst; travel and sport in the Kalahari Desert (London, 1912), the foreword for which was written by F.C. Selous*. He also contributed 'Notes on journeys taken in the Kalahari Desert' to The Geographical Journal (1910).
From 1912 Hodson was in Somalia for two years and thereafter served as British Consul in Ethiopia until 1926. He next became Governor of the Falkland Islands (1926-1930), Sierra Leone (1930-1934), and the Gold Coast (now Ghana, 1934-1941), and explored various parts of Africa. In 1922 he was honoured as a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) and ten years later as a new Knight Commander of the same order (KCMG). He was also a Knight of the Justice Order of St John of Jerusalem, and Vice-President of the National Rifle Association. His later books included Seven years in southern Abyssinia (1927) and Where lion reign (1929). Big game hunting and fishing were his main recreational activities. He was married to Elizabeth Charlotte Sarah Hay, with whom he had two daughters.